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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz - Chapter 16 Reading Tips

Chapter 16 Reading Tips


The Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, and the Cowardly Lion finally get what they desire!

Welcome back, friends! We are now on Chapter 16 of L. Frank Baum’s The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. In Chapter 15, we learned that the Wizard of Oz really isn’t a wizard after all - and now we’re going to see if he can truly help our friends!

Tip #1 - for Grown Ups!

In this chapter, though Dorothy does not yet receive her wish from the Wizard, her friends do. We learn that even though Oz has told each of them that he already has what he desires, they still want to receive a physical gift - a brain, a heart, and a manifestation of courage - to be convinced. Oz tells the Lion, giving him a courage potion: "If it were inside of you, it would be courage. You know, of course, that courage is always inside one; so that this really cannot be called courage until you have swallowed it. Therefore I advise you to drink it as soon as possible."

This week, talk to your child about courage. We all have it and can use it, though we can’t see it while it’s inside of us - we can only see it on the outside when our actions prove that we have acted with courage. We can feel it, though! When do you feel like you need courage? How does the Lion show courage in the story? How do you show and feel courage?

Here’s the vocab for this chapter!

  • Bran

Broken seed coats of cereal grain, separated from the flour by sifting

  • Shears

Very large, sharp scissors

Tip #2 - for Kids!

Hi, friends! We’re finally seeing that the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, and the Cowardly Lion are being rewarded by the Wizard of Oz for completing his quest! The Cowardly Lion asks for courage, and Oz gives him something to drink that he says will give him courage!

Today, we’re going to make our own drink-able courage, called Courage Cubes! With your grown-up’s help, gather these materials in your kitchen:

  • Lemons (or lemonade if you don’t have lemons) and a juicer
  • Water
  • Ice cube tray
  • Medium-sized bowl
  • Another fruit of your choice (berries are great for this!)


  1. With your grown up’s help, cut up your berries or extra fruit into pieces small enough to fit into the ice cube tray. Place a piece of fruit in each cube.
  2. If using pre-made lemonade, pour lemonade over the fruit and put into the freezer.
  3. If using the lemons: boil 4 cups of water; while water is boiling, juice lemons (enough to make about ¾ cup). Once the water is boiled, combine water and lemon juice in a bowl and pour over your ice cube tray and put into the freezer.
  4. Once your cubes are frozen, when you need a little courage, take one out and enjoy by itself or in a glass of water, lemonade, or orange juice!

Tip #3 - for Everyone!

Once your delicious Courage Cubes are freezing, talk with your child about what courage tastes like. This can seem like an abstract topic, but, in line with National Poetry Month, it’s a great way for children to think creatively and abstractly and learn how to express these concepts! Explain that courage can sometimes taste like your Courage Cubes - the lemon might taste sour, but the berries make it sweet, too.

So, times where you need to use your courage might be tough, but once you prove to yourself that you are brave and can do something you put your mind to, the reward is sweet!


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